Lorentz violation in solar-neutrino oscillations

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dc.contributor.advisor Mewes, Matthew Bernhard, Jonah 2012-10-09T13:27:49Z 2012-10-09T13:27:49Z 2011
dc.description.abstract Neutrino oscillations are conventionally accounted for using a three-flavor massive model. This agrees with most experimental data, but fails to accommodate some notable results. A possible explanation is Lorentz violation, which could affect oscillatory behavior. Previous models have used Lorentz violation to describe oscillations with and without neutrino mass. These models have been developed for oscillations in a vacuum or a uniform medium, such as the Earth. However, variable media, such as the Sun, have not been considered. Solar-neutrino oscillations are studied using a massive model with perturbative Lorentz violation and an approximate model for the composition of the Sun. The adiabatic approximation is used to eliminate high-frequency oscillations and hence obtain analytic expressions for the average probability of detecting each flavor. Lorentz violation is incorporated into the adiabatic results, and changes in energy and directional dependence are considered. Results are more compact than previous work, and are found to be very accurate when compared to exact numerical calculations. The analysis is first carried out for two neutrino flavors and then generalized to include three. Fits to time-dependent experimental data from the solar-neutrino experiments Super-Kamiokande and the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory are demonstrated, providing approximate values for several combinations of Lorentz-violating coefficients. Most of these results are consistent with zero, but some are not. There is no obvious explanation for this behavior, but it is likely due to uncorrected effects from the eccentricity of Earth's orbit or some other periodic effect. en
dc.description.sponsorship Swarthmore College. Dept. of Physics & Astronomy en
dc.rights Full copyright to this work is retained by the student author. It may only be used for non-commercial, research, and educational purposes. All other uses are restricted.
dc.title Lorentz violation in solar-neutrino oscillations en
dc.type Thesis (B.A.)

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