On the Structure and Derivation of Twi Multi‐Verb Constructions: Serialization Despite Multiple Clauses

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On the Structure and Derivation of Twi Multi‐Verb Constructions: Serialization Despite Multiple Clauses

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Title: On the Structure and Derivation of Twi Multi‐Verb Constructions: Serialization Despite Multiple Clauses
Author: Martin, Cansada
Department: Swarthmore College. Dept. of Linguistics
Type: Thesis (B.A.)
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: This thesis provides a description and structural account of multi‐verb constructions in Twi, focusing on differentiating coordinate from non‐coordinate structures, a task which has been neglected in the literature on Twi. Extraction in the form of predicate clefting shows that Twi contains both coordinate and non‐coordinate multi‐verb constructions; a coordinate structure does not permit predicate clefting of either verb whereas a non‐coordinate structure permits predicate clefting of V1. Predicate clefting facts also elucidate the structure of non‐coordinating multi‐verb constructions in Twi; that V1 but not V2 can be predicate clefted suggests an asymmetry within the clause. I conclude that multi‐verb constructions such as (2) and (3) are serializing as explained by Aboh’s (2009) account of serialization—-though verbs appearing as V1 in these constructions seem to be fully lexical when they appear in mono‐clausal structure (i.e. they assign thematic roles to internal and external arguments), V1 is functional and V2 is lexical. Apparent 'object sharing’ is thus explained by the fact that only the functional V2 introduces the object, after which movement derives the V1 + OBJ + V2 surface word order. Furthermore, departing from traditional characterizations of SVCs, I argue that observed tense and aspect marking patterns necessitate that V2’s extended projection reach the TP level. Finally, I show that though an overt pronoun follows V2 in constructions like (2), this overt pronoun can be accounted for by the necessity that the edge of a Spell‐Out domain be pronounced in Twi (Kandybowicz 2010); thus (2) and (3) are structurally similar.
Subject: Twi language
Subject: Twi language -- Verb
Terms of Use: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/us/
Permanent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10066/6780

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Martin, Cansada. "On the Structure and Derivation of Twi Multi‐Verb Constructions: Serialization Despite Multiple Clauses". 2011. Available electronically from http://hdl.handle.net/10066/6780.

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