I Know How You Feel: The Effect of Similarity and Empathy on Neural Mirroring

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I Know How You Feel: The Effect of Similarity and Empathy on Neural Mirroring

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Title: I Know How You Feel: The Effect of Similarity and Empathy on Neural Mirroring
Author: Quandt, Lorna
Advisor: Compton, Rebecca
Department: Haverford College. Dept. of Psychology
Type: Thesis (B.A.)
Running Time: 211578 bytes
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: The study examined the effects of similarity and empathy on neural mirroring. 31 subjects underwent a similarity manipulation designed to elicit feelings of similarity or dissimilarity towards a confederate. EEG data were recorded while the subject observed the confederate perform a flanker task. We expected to see heightened observer error-related negativities (oERN) and observer error positivities (oPe) in subjects in the highly-similar condition. Results indicated that subjects who felt similar to the confederate (assessed by post-task questions) showed a decreased oERN and an increased oPe following errors. Highly similar subjects may have expected to observe fewer errors, causing them to fail to notice errors initially then show a compensatory response when consciously noticing the error. Additionally, the effect may have been the result of uncertainty on the part of those subjects who deemed themselves similar to the confederates.
Subject: Developmental neurobiology
Subject: Mirror neurons -- Effect of empathy on
Subject: Psychology, Comparative
Subject: Similarity (Psychology)
Terms of Use: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/us/
Permanent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10066/1022

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Quandt, Lorna. "I Know How You Feel: The Effect of Similarity and Empathy on Neural Mirroring". 2007. Available electronically from http://hdl.handle.net/10066/1022.

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